Knitting Information


Yarn Weights

  1. Cobweb = 1-ply
  2. Lace = 2-ply
  3. Light Fingering = 3-ply
  4. Fingering = 4-ply – 14 wpi*
  5. Sport = 5-ply – 12 wpi
  6. Double Knit/DK = 8-ply – 11 wpi
  7. Worsted = 10-ply – 9 wpi
  8. Aran = 10-ply – 8 wpi
  9. Chunky/Bulky = 12-ply – 7 wpi
  10. Super Chunky/Super Bulky = 5-6 wpi

*wpi = wraps per inch

Needle Sizes

Metric

US

UK/Canadian

2.0

0

r14

2.25

1

r13

2.75

1

r13

3.0

11

3.25

3

10

3.5

4

3.75

5

9

4.0

6

8

4.5

7

7

5.0

8

6

5.5

9

5

6.0

10

4

6.5

10.5

3

7.0

2

7.5

1

8.0

11

0

9.0

13

00

10.0

15

000

12.0

17

16.0

19

19.0

35

25.0

50

Crochet Hook Conversion Chart

Metric USA UK
2.00 mm 14
2.25 mm 1 / B 13
2.50 mm 12
2.75 mm C 11
3.00 mm 11
3.25 mm D 10
3.50 mm 4 / E 9
3.75 mm F
4.00 mm 6 8
4.25 mm G
4.50 mm 7 7
5.00 mm 8 / H 6
5.50 mm 9 / I 5
6.00 mm 10 / J 4
6.50 mm 10 1/2 / K 3
7.00 mm 2
8.00 mm 0
9.00 mm 15 / N 00
10.00 mm P 000
15.75 mm or 16mm Q

Standard Knitting Abbreviations

  • k = knit [the most used stitch]
  • p = purl [the 2nd most used stitch]
  • tbl = through back loop (suffixed to k or p)
  • wyif = with yarn in front
  • wyib = with yarn in back
  • st(s) = stitch(es)
  • st st = stocking (stockinette) st [also rev st st – reverse stocking (stockinette) st] – alternating knit and purl rows¹
  • g st = garter st – knit (or purl) all rows²
  • sl x = slip x st(s) [slip purlwise unless otherwise stated]
  • ssk = slip, slip, knit [slip knitwise twice, insert left needle through fronts of sl sts, and knit]  A form of decrease.
  • skp = slip, knit, pass sl st over k st [slip 1 st knitwise, k1, pass sl st over k st]  A form of decrease.
  • kxtog = knit x sts together.  A form of decrease.
  • pxtog = purl x sts together.  A form of decrease.
  • psso = pass slipped stitch over.  A form of decrease.  (see also skp)
  • mx = make x st(s)  A form of increase.
  • kfb = knit into front and back of st.    A form of increase.
  • pfb = purl into front and back of st.    A form of increase.
  • yo = yarn over.   A form of increase.
  • CO = cast on
  • BO = bind (cast) off (British patterns usually use “cast off” rather than “BO”
  • Cx = cable x st(s)  – suffixes : L, R, F, or B (left, right, front or back) [L & F are the same.  R & B are the same.]
  • rem = remaining
  • foll = following
  • alt = alternate
  • beg = beginning
  • cont = continue
  • incl = including
  • RS or WS = right side or wrong side of work (this is usually indicated in the pattern)
  • mb = make bobble
  • MC or CC = Main colour or Contrasting Colour
¹ If knitting in the round – knit every round
² If knitting in the round – alternating knit and purl rounds

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